Thursday, 27 August 2015

Fee Rate Advisory #1 for Fiscal Year 2016

Otmane El Rhazi,

The Securities and Exchange Commission announced that in fiscal year 2016 the fees that public companies and other issuers pay to register their securities with the Commission will be set at $100.70 per million dollars.

The securities laws require the Commission to make annual adjustments to the rates for fees paid under Section 6(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Sections 13(e) and 14(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  The Commission must set rates for the fees paid under Section 6(b) to levels that the Commission projects will generate collections equal to annual statutory target amounts.  The Commission’s projections are calculated using a methodology developed in consultation with the Congressional Budget Office and the Office of Management and Budget. The statutory target amount for fiscal year 2016 is $550 million.  The annual adjustment to the fee rate under Section 6(b) also sets the annual adjustment to the fee rates under Sections 13(e) and 14(g). 

By law, the annual rate changes for fees paid under Section 6(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Sections 13(e) and 14(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 must take effect on the first day of each fiscal year.  Therefore, effective Oct. 1, 2015, the Section 6(b) fee rate applicable to the registration of securities, the Section 13(e) fee rate applicable to the repurchase of securities, and the Section 14(g) fee rates applicable to proxy solicitations and statements in corporate control transactions will decrease from $116.20 per million dollars to $100.70 per million dollars.  The Section 6(b) rate is also the rate used to calculate the fees payable with the Annual Notice of Securities Sold Pursuant to Rule 24f-2 under the Investment Company Act of 1940.

The Commission will issue further notices as appropriate to keep the public informed of the effective date of the fee rate changes under Section 6(b), Section 13(e) and Section 14(g).  These notices will be posted on the Commission's website.

Full Text

Regards,
Otmane El Rhazi
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Equity Trading
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Tuesday, 25 August 2015

IFDP2015-1143: Contracting with Feedback

Otmane El Rhazi, Tse-chun Lin, Qi Liu, and Bo Sun. We study the effect of financial market conditions on managerial compensation structure. First, we analyze the optimal pay-for-performance in a model in which corporate decisions and firm value are both endogenous to trading due to feedback from information contained in stock prices. In a less frictional financial market, the improved information content of stock prices helps guide managerial decisions, and this information substitutes out part of the direct incentive provision from compensation contracts. Thus, the optimal pay-for-performance is lowered in response to reductions in market frictions. Second, we test our theory using two quasi-natural experiments and find evidence that is consistent with the theory. Our results indicate that the financial market environment plays an important role in shaping CEO compensation structure. Full Text

Regards,
Otmane El Rhazi
Press Releases
Equity Trading
Text/Mobile, +44 7414 782 320


RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
ANY OPINIONS, NEWS, RESEARCH, ANALYSIS, OR OTHER INFORMATION ON THIS WEBSITE IS PROVIDED AS GENERAL MARKET COMMENTARY ONLY. THERE ARE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH UTILIZING AN INTERNET-BASED DEAL EXECUTION TRADING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE FAILURE OF HARDWARE, SOFTWARE, AND INTERNET CONNECTION.

IFDP2015-1142: Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Merchandise Import Transactions

Otmane El Rhazi, Fariha Kamal, C.J. Krizan, and Ryan Monarch. International trade data capturing relationships between importing and exporting firm provides new insight into the activity of trading firms, but the quality of such disaggregated data is unknown. In this paper, we assess the reliability of two-sided data from the United States by comparing the number of foreign suppliers from U.S. import data to origin-country data. Such exporter counts tend to be lower than the same counts from raw U.S. data. We propose and implement a set of methods that align the totals more closely. Overall, our analysis presents broad support for usage of U.S. data to study buyer-supplier relationships. Full Text

Regards,
Otmane El Rhazi
Press Releases
Equity Trading
Text/Mobile, +44 7414 782 320


RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
ANY OPINIONS, NEWS, RESEARCH, ANALYSIS, OR OTHER INFORMATION ON THIS WEBSITE IS PROVIDED AS GENERAL MARKET COMMENTARY ONLY. THERE ARE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH UTILIZING AN INTERNET-BASED DEAL EXECUTION TRADING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE FAILURE OF HARDWARE, SOFTWARE, AND INTERNET CONNECTION.

SEC Charges Former Investment Bank Analyst and Two Others With Insider Trading in Advance of Client Deals

Otmane El Rhazi,

The Securities and Exchange Commission today charged a former investment bank analyst with illegally tipping his close friend with confidential information about clients involved in impending mergers and acquisitions of technology companies.  The SEC also charged his friend and another individual with trading on the inside information.

The SEC alleges that Ashish Aggarwal, who worked in J.P. Morgan’s San Francisco office, gleaned sensitive nonpublic information about two acquisition deals from colleagues who were working on them.  Aggarwal tipped Shahriyar Bolandian, who traded on the basis of the illegal tips in his own accounts as well as accounts belonging to his father and sister.  Bolandian also tipped his friend Kevan Sadigh so he could trade on the confidential information.  Bolandian worked at Sadigh’s e-commerce company, and together they made more than $672,000 in combined profits from their insider trading. 

The SEC Enforcement Division’s Market Abuse Unit detected the insider trading through trading data analysis tools in its Analysis and Detection Center. 

“We allege that Aggarwal, Bolandian, and Sadigh misused an investment bank’s confidential information for their personal benefit and victimized the bank, its clients, and investors,” said Robert A. Cohen, Acting Co-Chief of the SEC Enforcement Division’s Market Abuse Unit.  “We will continue to proactively identify and combat serial insider trading schemes, particularly when it involves industry professionals.”

In a parallel action, the U.S. Department of Justice today announced criminal charges against Aggarwal, who lives in San Francisco, as well as Bolandian and Sadigh, who each live in Los Angeles.

According to the SEC’s complaint filed in U.S. District Court for the Central District of California:

  • Aggarwal misappropriated confidential information about two J.P. Morgan-advised deals: Integrated Device Technology’s planned acquisition of PLX Technology in 2012 and salesforce.com’s acquisition of ExactTarget in 2013. 
  • Aggarwal repeatedly communicated with Bolandian, his friend since college, in the days and weeks leading up to public announcements about the deals.
  • Bolandian and Sadigh bought the same series of call options in PLX Technology and ExactTarget.  Their trades were often within hours or even minutes of each other, and typically were 100 percent of the daily trading volume of those option series. 
  • One of the brokerage accounts used by Bolandian was located offshore in the Bahamas.  He opened and funded the account with his credit card a week before the ExactTarget deal was announced. 
  • Bolandian conducted various trades in his accounts on Aggarwal’s behalf in an arrangement that enabled Aggarwal to circumvent J.P. Morgan’s pre-clearance rules and potentially share in any profits.

The SEC’s complaint charges Aggarwal, Bolandian, and Sadigh with violating Sections 10(b) and 14(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rules 10b-5 and 14e-3.  The complaint seeks a final judgment ordering Aggarwal, Bolandian, and Sadigh to pay disgorgement of their ill-gotten gains plus prejudgment interest and penalties, and permanent injunctions from future violations of these provisions of the federal securities laws. 

The SEC’s continuing investigation is being conducted by Paul E. Kim and Deborah A. Tarasevich of the Market Abuse Unit with assistance from John Rymas in the unit’s Analysis and Detection Center.  The case is being supervised by Mr. Cohen and fellow Acting Co-Chief Joseph Sansone.  The SEC’s litigation will be led by David S. Mendel and Matthew P. Cohen.

The SEC appreciates the assistance of the Criminal Fraud Section of the U.S. Department of Justice, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Central District of California, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Full Text

Regards,
Otmane El Rhazi
Press Releases
Equity Trading
Text/Mobile, +44 7414 782 320


RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
ANY OPINIONS, NEWS, RESEARCH, ANALYSIS, OR OTHER INFORMATION ON THIS WEBSITE IS PROVIDED AS GENERAL MARKET COMMENTARY ONLY. THERE ARE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH UTILIZING AN INTERNET-BASED DEAL EXECUTION TRADING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE FAILURE OF HARDWARE, SOFTWARE, AND INTERNET CONNECTION.